Emergency Clinic




Work Cover

Infusion Clinic

Fracture Clinic

Get Directions
Call us
Book Now

Back Pain

In sunny Brisbane, there lived a hardworking man named Jack, whose journey with back pain serves as a guiding light for us all. Surprisingly, over 80% of adults will, at some point, echo Jack's complaints about low back pain (LBP). Most of these cases are acute and self-limited, often improving with conservative treatments within four weeks. However, some people experience the pain persisting beyond 12 weeks, turning into what we term as chronic back pain.
Back Pain


Red Flags Associated With Back Pain: A Guided Tour Through Jack’s Story

When Jack walked into Urgent Care Brisbane with his back pain complaint, the health professionals were ready. They knew that understanding ‘red flags’ – indicators of potentially serious underlying conditions – is vital for successful diagnosis and treatment.

Here’s a breakdown of the red flags they considered, incorporating Jack’s story:

  1. History of Cancer: People with a past record of cancer may sometimes experience back pain as a symptom of metastasis. Luckily for Jack, he had no such history, which eased concerns about this aspect.
  2. Significant Neurologic Deficits: If a patient exhibits signs of severe nerve damage, such as limb weakness or loss of bladder control, it raises an immediate red flag. In Jack’s case, he only reported pain, no motor or sensory loss, so this was ruled out.
  3. Signs of Cauda Equina Syndrome: This is a rare, serious condition where the bundle of nerve roots at the lower end of the spinal cord is compressed, causing lower back pain, loss of bladder/bowel control, and sexual dysfunction. Jack was closely observed for these symptoms, but his examination didn’t suggest the presence of this syndrome.
  4. Strong Clinical Suspicion of Infection or Vertebral Fracture: If a patient has a high fever, sudden onset of intense pain, or a history of intravenous drug use, doctors might suspect a spinal infection. Similarly, a history of trauma, osteoporosis, or long-term steroid use can hint at a potential vertebral fracture. Fortunately, none of these applied to Jack.

In summary, while ‘red flags’ in back pain patients demand serious consideration, it’s essential to remember that each case is unique. Jack’s story underlines the importance of a thorough examination and careful consideration of all potential red flags in each patient’s context.

The Whys and Hows of Back Pain: Jack’s Story

Back pain is a complex beast, often born from a myriad of sources. Let’s walk through some common culprits, using Jack’s story to illuminate the way.

  1. Muscle or Ligament Strain: Repeated heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement can strain back muscles and spinal ligaments. If you’re not in great physical shape, constant strain on your back can lead to painful muscle spasms. Jack was a construction worker, often caught in heavy lifting, which made him an easy target for this strain-induced pain.
  2. Bulging or Ruptured Discs: Your spine’s vertebrae are padded by discs. If these discs bulge or rupture, they can press on a nerve, resulting in back pain. Jack didn’t fall into this category, as his back pain was not accompanied by nerve symptoms like radiating leg pain or numbness.
  3. Arthritis: Osteoarthritis can affect the lower back, and in some cases, arthritis in the spine can lead to a narrowing of the space around the spinal cord, a condition called spinal stenosis. Jack, however, was relatively young and had no signs of arthritis, clearing this cause off the list.
  4. Skeletal Irregularities: If your spine curves in an abnormal way, back pain can result. But this usually doesn’t occur until middle age. Jack’s spine, like a well-constructed scaffold, was as straight as it could be, making skeletal irregularities an unlikely cause.
  5. Osteoporosis: This condition, which makes your bones brittle and porous, can cause compression fractures in your spine, leading to back pain. But Jack’s strong and sturdy bones showed no signs of osteoporosis.

In Jack’s case, his back-breaking work as a construction worker seemed to be the main cause of his pain. The strain on his muscles and ligaments was evident, underlining the importance of proper lifting techniques and regular strength training for such physically demanding roles. Just remember, each back pain story is unique, and understanding the root cause is the first step towards effective treatment.

Unraveling the Hidden Causes of Back Pain:

Though we’ve discussed some of the classic causes of back pain, the story doesn’t end there. At times, the culprit can be far from the usual suspects. Let’s explore some of these stealthy sources of back pain:

  1. Kidney Problems: Kidney stones or kidney infections can cause pain in your lower back, usually one-sided. This pain can be intense and may be associated with symptoms like fever, blood in urine, or frequent urination. Jack didn’t have any of these symptoms, so kidney problems weren’t the cause of his discomfort.
  2. Aortic Aneurysms: Your body’s largest blood vessel, the aorta, can develop a bulge or aneurysm that can cause pain if it ruptures or leaks blood. Typically, this causes sudden and severe pain in the abdomen and back. Given that Jack’s back pain was more chronic and less intense, an aortic aneurysm was thankfully ruled out.
  3. Endometriosis: This is a condition where the tissue that usually lines the inside of the uterus grows outside it. It can cause back pain before or during your period. Obviously, as a male, Jack couldn’t be affected by this condition, but it’s a crucial consideration for women presenting with recurrent back pain.
  4. Pancreatitis: Inflammation of the pancreas, situated in the upper abdomen, can sometimes cause back pain. However, it’s usually associated with severe abdominal pain and digestive problems, none of which Jack reported.

Piecing Together Jack’s Story: Patient Symptoms and Examination Findings

When Jack stepped foot into Urgent Care Brisbane, he brought with him a cluster of symptoms that guided his healthcare team towards an understanding of his back pain. Let’s break down these symptoms and findings, following Jack’s footsteps on his journey towards relief:

  1. Persistent Lower Back Pain: The starring role in Jack’s symptom list was a nagging ache in his lower back. It wasn’t a sudden pain; rather, it had been steadily building over time, a constant, grating discomfort that made him seek medical help.
  2. Localized Tenderness: When the doctors asked Jack where his back hurt, he pointed to a specific spot in his lower back. On gentle probing, this area proved to be quite tender, a clear sign of a potential muscle or ligament strain.
  3. Reduced Range of Motion: Jack reported that bending forward to tie his work boots had become a challenge. His lower back felt stiff and his range of motion had diminished, another classic sign of nonspecific low back pain.
  4. No Pain Radiation: Despite the discomfort, Jack noted that his pain didn’t radiate down his legs or cause any numbness or tingling, ruling out certain conditions like sciatica or a herniated disc.
  5. Difficulty with Prolonged Sitting or Standing: Jack’s job involved a mix of standing and sitting, and he found both equally discomforting. This suggested that the pain wasn’t linked solely to one particular activity but was a more persistent problem.
  6. No Associated Symptoms: He didn’t report any weight loss, fever, or changes in bowel or bladder habits. These symptoms, if present, could have indicated more serious conditions.

Through this lens of symptoms and findings, Jack’s healthcare team was able to zero in on the likely causes of his back pain, taking one more step towards effective management. Jack’s story is a reminder that the key to unraveling the mystery of back pain lies in a careful and thorough examination of the patient’s symptoms.


Let’s continue our journey with Jack and delve into the process of diagnosing and managing his back pain. Contrary to common belief, imaging and lab tests aren’t always needed. Instead, an individualized approach tailored to the patient’s needs is the gold standard. Here’s how Jack’s journey unfolded:

Imaging: The Role of CT Scans and MRI

  1. Not Always Necessary: Despite common misconceptions, imaging isn’t always a must for diagnosing acute LBP. For Jack, there were no ‘red flags’ in his symptoms that warranted immediate imaging.
  2. Depends on Symptoms: Advanced imaging like CT scans or MRIs become crucial when the patient shows signs of serious conditions like spinal stenosis, herniated disc, or malignancies. Luckily, Jack’s symptoms didn’t hint at these conditions.

Other Investigations: Blood Tests and Urine Analysis

  1. Further Testing: In some cases, blood tests or urine analysis might be needed to rule out infections, malignancies, or other underlying conditions. For Jack, these weren’t necessary, thanks to his lack of associated symptoms.
  2. Case-by-Case Basis: Just like imaging, the need for further investigations is determined on a case-by-case basis, depending on the individual’s symptoms and overall health status.


Management: Acute Pain Management and Rehabilitation

  1. Stay Active: The doctors at Urgent Care Brisbane recommended that Jack remain active. Even though it might seem counterintuitive, returning to normal activities as soon as possible helps in faster recovery.
  2. Heat Therapy: To manage his acute pain, Jack was advised to use heat therapy. A simple heating pad on his back provided him short-term relief.
  3. Rehabilitation is Key: Alongside managing the immediate pain, Jack’s rehab program was critical. It involved a combination of therapies like massage, spinal manipulation, and acupuncture.
  4. Pharmacologic Options: In case of severe pain, Jack was given NSAIDs or muscle relaxants. However, these were used sparingly due to potential side effects.

Through his journey with Urgent Care Brisbane, Jack realized that managing back pain isn’t just about popping a pill or getting an immediate scan. It’s about understanding the nuances of the pain and navigating towards recovery step by step.

Next Steps

Urgent Care Brisbane: Your Back Pain Ally

Facing back pain can be daunting, but it doesn’t have to be. For people like Jack, Urgent Care Brisbane stands as a beacon of hope. Let’s explore how they have revolutionized back pain management, offering an excellent alternative to busy emergency departments:

  1. On-Site Radiology: At Urgent Care Brisbane, they understand the value of time when dealing with acute pain. They offer on-site radiology services, meaning patients like Jack can get accurate diagnosis promptly without the hassle of moving between facilities.
  2. Immediate Pain Management: Imagine walking into a clinic with severe back pain and walking out feeling significantly better. Urgent Care Brisbane makes this possible by providing immediate access to a range of medications for acute pain management. Say goodbye to agony and hello to relief!
  3. Comprehensive Discharge Plans: Before you leave, you’ll have a clear plan of action for managing your pain and rehab at home. The team at Urgent Care Brisbane believes in empowering you to continue the healing process beyond their doors.
  4. Urgent Care Brisbane’s unique, patient-centric approach ensures the journey to relief is as smooth and efficient as possible. So if you find yourself battling back pain like Jack, trust in the expert care of Urgent Care Brisbane. Remember, relief is only a visit away.
Have further questions?
Send us a message.
See Us Now
Find us easily in Brisbane's inner west
Fill out a patient registration form before you arrive
Can't See Us Now?
Book an appointment that fits your busy schedule.
Can't make it in person? Book a teleconsultation.